One of the most basic elements in the process of employment is job interview. Whatever be the nature of employment, interview remains a basic criterion. A job interview is an interview consisting of a job applicant and a representative of an employer, which is conducted to assess whether the applicant should be hired or not. A job interview typically precedes the hiring decision as it is considered one of the most useful tools for evaluating potential employees. The interview is usually preceded by the evaluation of submitted resumes from interested candidates. Interviews vary, depending on how much the questions are structured. They can range from a totally unstructured and free-wheeling conversation to a properly structured interview in which an applicant is asked a predetermined list of questions in a particular order. The five important stages of a structured interview are Introduction, Small talk, Information gathering, Questions/Answers and Wrapping up.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF JOB INTERVIEWS :
Interviews come in all shapes and sizes. Apart from the conventional workplace interviews, there can be interview over lunch, over the phone or the candidate can be invited to a Skype interview. Some common forms of interviews include –
• The Traditional interview – This is the most common scenario where the probable candidate sits with a solo interviewer and answers a series of questions which are designed to assess the applicant.
• The Phone Interview – In most cases, this is the first round screening to see if a candidate is fit to come in for a full fledged face to face interview. So nailing it is essential.
• The Video interview – Video interviews take the phone screening interview to the next level and in the current scenario, they are becoming a regular part of the job application process for many companies.
• The Case interview – The case interview is a more specialised format in which an applicant is given a business problem to solve, so as to evaluate how he/ she will operate in situations like that.
• The Puzzle interview – Highly competitive companies often ask puzzle questions to the applicants to determine how quickly one can think on his/her feet and how the person can handle a difficult, unforseen situation. E.g of a puzzle question is “If Germans were the tallest people in the world, how would you prove it?”
• The Lunch interview – At times, employers suggest an interview over meal. It usually means he/she wants to know a little more about you, your habits and how you act in an informal environment.
• The Group interview – Group interviews are not very common but you can come across group interviews for sales roles, internships or other posts in which a concern is hiring multiple people for the same job.
• The Panel interview – A panel can be defined as a group of people appointed for some service. A pannel interview is s common scenario where one meets with multiple interviewers, all at the same time.
SOME TIPS TO IMPROVE INTERVIEW PERFORMANCE :
• Practice good non-verbal communication -First non-verbal impression is very important. Demonstrate confidence by standing straight, making eye contact, connecting with a firm handshake, etc.
• Dress properly – It is important to know what to wear to an interview and be well-groomed. If possible, find out about the company dress code before the interview.
• Do not talk too much; listen – Telling the interviewer more than he needs to know could be a fatal mistake. So instead of talking much, listen. Many a times, the interviewer gives information directly or indirectly. Thus it is crucial to listen.
• Use appropriate language – Use only professional and formal language. Do not use inappropriate slang words or show biases.
• Take care to answer the questions – Try to answer all the questions to the best of your ability.
• Do not appear desperate – Be cool, calm and confident and never adopt a “please hire me” approach.